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Pench National Park

Introduction
Pench national park Here we have shared Pench national park tourism information. Madhya Pradesh is regarded as the heart of India, and the Pench National Park is situated in the foothills of Satpura hills. Pench is among the most visited national parks of India. Pench National Park situated in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh. The national Park owes its name to the river Pench flowing through the centre of the park, which divides it into the western Chhindwara Block ( 141.61 Sq. Km ) and the eastern Seoni Block ( 145.24 Sq.km ). Kala Pahar, the park’s highest hill, reaches 650 m above sea level. This national park received international recognition from Rudyard Kipling’s classic tale, the Jungle Book. This is a typical Central Indian teak jungle, with hilly terrain and several jungle streams, and it supports a rich variety of wildlife, including the tiger, leopard, wild dog, gaur, sambar, chital and brilliant birdlife. The Park’s open habitat not only lends well to wildlife viewing, but it also offers striking views of the area’s sheer beauty. Pench offers its visitors numerous wildlife attractions which include over 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and more than 210 varieties of birds. Some of the prominent avian residents of the park include the Barbet, Bulbul, Minivet Oriole, Wagtail, munia, myna, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Collared scops, Owl, Waterfowl and Blue Kingfisher among other variety of animals which can be commonly seen adorning the skies of Pench.Major mammalian species found in the region include animals like chital, sambar, Nilgai, wild pig, tiger, leopard, jungle cat, leopard cat, striped hyena, wild dog, wolf, sloth bear, pangolin and the mighty Indian gaur. Just like any other tiger reserve of India, Pench tiger reserve is also divided into Core Zone and Buffer Zone. The buffer zone of 465 sq. km comprises 333 sq km of reserve forests, 102 sq km of reserve forests, and 30 sq km of revenue land. Its prominent entrance gates are Touria, Karmajhiri, Jhamtara in Madhya Pradesh. Similarly their are entrance gates from Maharashtra gate also like Khursapar, Sillari etc. To Provide a permanent water supply to the animals in the park, many tanks have been dug. The main tanks are Chhindbari, Toyamit and Khamreeth. A few nallahs, such as Kharanda and Bamandoh, are used a storage tanks. The forest and grassland of Kanha and Pench provided the magical setting of the Nobel laureate Rudyard Kipling's famous Jungle Book, written in 1894. Kipling's story of the boy raised by wolves drew inspiration from the William Henry Sleeman's pamphlet, 'An account of wolves nurturing Children in Their Dens' which describes a wolf - boy captured in Seoni district near the village of sant Baori in 1831. Even today, when one visits Pench and Kanha, popularly referred to as Kipling's Country, one can feel the tale and its characters come alive and can sense Mowgli and Sher Khan watching from a distance, away from prying human eyes.

History
Pench National Park has splendid history. The depiction of its magnificence and natural wealth occurs in Ain-i-Akbari (Constitution of Akbar), which was a 16th century document written by Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak (the Emperor Akbar's vizier), recording the Akbar's administration empire. Pench has inspired Rudyard Kipling to write the popular novel 'The Jungle Book'. Kipling could write so well about the jungles of central India even though he had actually never set foot in them, his only familiarity being with India itself and the jungles of North India. It was his great art of writing. It is because Pench is often known as the original land of Mowgli. Above all, third part special Tiger of BBC ‘Spy in the Jungle’ was also filmed in Pench National Park, which was based on the growing of four Tigers in Pench. Since its establishment, the Pench National Park has set various benchmarks. Pench National Park was declared as a forest reserve in 1929 and stated as a sanctuary in 1977, but in 1983, it elicited to the status of National Park. Later in the year 1992, it was establish as Pench Tiger Reserve, which covers 758 sq. km of area and the Pench National Park form the centre zone of the Reserve that covers 292.85 sq. km, and the Mowgli Pench Wildlife Sanctuary covers 118.30 sq. km of areas. A Buffer Zone formed by Reserve Forests, Revenue land and Protected Forests occupies 346.73 sq. km. It won the Best Management Award for being the finest administered park in India in 2011.

Location
Pench national park is located in Central India. It lies in state border between Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra states thus some of its area lies in Maharashtra and major area lies in Madhya Pradesh state. The Pench River bisects the original Pench core reserve into two nearly equal parts; the 147.61 sq.km of the Western Block which falls in the Gumtara Range of the Chhindwara forest Division and the 145.24 sq.km of the Eastern Block in the Karmajhiri Range of the Seoni forest Division. Located in Aravali, Satpura, Vindhyachal and Satpura ranges, the Pench National Park, named after the Pench River, It’s Longitude is 79007'45" E to 79022'30" and Latitude is 21037'N to 21050'30" E. Administratively, the Tiger Reserve is divided into three Forest ranges; Karmajhiri, Gumtara, and Kurai, nine Forest circles; Alikatta, Dudhgaon, Gumtara, Kamreet, Karmajhiri, Kurai, Murer, Rukhad, and Pulpuldoh, 42 Forest Beats, and 162 Forest Compartments. The NH44 (old NH 7), runs between Nagpur and Jabalpur along the eastern boundary of the reserve for around 10 km.

Flora
The park is blessed with rich and verdant forests, spread throughout the area of the National Park. Southern dry broadleaf teak forests are there, which blend with tropical mixed deciduous forests. Water bodies are found in the form of streams and 'nallahs'. Most of them are seasonal and meander in full zest during the monsoons. Pench River, which serves as the major water source, desiccates or dries up in April end. Then, water pools known as 'dohs' serve as water suppliers for the fauna of the park, along with Pench Reservoir. Teak is abundant and bamboos are sparse, and restricted to the valleys. White kuku trees are very common and stand out prominently amidst the greenery. The flora in Pench includes different kinds of shrubs, climbers and tress. It has some uncommon varieties of herbs with medicinal properties that mention below:
Trees Names Scientific Names Trees Name Scientific Name
Teak Tectona Grandis Saja Terminalia Tomentosa
Bija Pterocarpus Marsupium Lendia Lagerstroemia Parviflora
Haldu Adina Cardifolia Dhaora Anogeissus Latifolia
Salai Boswellia Serrata Aonla Emblica Officinalis
Amaltas Cassia Fistula Indian Ghost Tree Sterculia Urens
Bamboo Thickets Dendrocalamus Strictus Black Plum Syzigium Cumini

Fauna
Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and it's an abode to a large number of endangered species. Tigers are usually seen around the Pench River, as the density of prey population is higher here. There are 25 tigers recorded in this park. There are some other predators like dhol (Indian Wild Dog), leopard, hyena, wolf, and jackal and jungle cat. Some prey species observed in the park are Sambhar, Chital, Indian Gaur, Muntjac, Langur, Wild Boar, and Rhesus Macaques. Commonly seen species are herd of deer. It is also the jungle abode of 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and over 170 varieties of birds. There are also more than 210 species of birds, including a host of migratory species. The most common birds are peafowl, crow pheasant, crimson breasted barbet, red vented bulbul, red jungle fowl, racket tailed drongo, magpie robin and whistling teal.
Mammals Name Scientific Name Mammals Name Scientific Name
Leopard Panthera pardus Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjak
Tiger Panthera tigris tigris Indian Gazelle/Chinkara Gazella gazella
Sambar Cervus unicolor Dhole/Wild dog Cuon alpinus
Wild Boar Sus scrofa Nilgai or blue bull Boselaphus tragocamelus
Hanuman Langur Presbetys entellus Jungle Cat
Felis chaus
Golden Jackal Canis aurius Indian Porcupine Hystrix indica
Striped Hyaena Hyaena hyaena Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis
Chital Cervus axis Four-horned Antelope Tetracerus quadricornis

Places to see
At Pench national park, jungle safari is the main activity to do. Apart from this we have option to do village visit, Kohka lake visit, nature walk etc. Here we have listed some the prominent places to visit in Pench national park.
Sitaghat: This spot is winding path that is close to the bank of river Pench, speckled with rocks and artistic looking trees. During summer season, white flowers and bushes lope all along with bank. To view these flowers in full blossom, it is must to visit in the early morning hours. The place also appears to be a splendid spot for wildlife sightseeing. Alikatta: This place is another exciting attraction that has fascinating area of grassland, where animals are also observed. In evening time, there is excellent view of grazing herds comprising of thousands of spotted deer. One can also enjoy elephant rides that begin from this place.
Chhindimatta Road : Journeying over rocky hills, it is considered as place of interest in the huge Pench reservoir. The rocky cliffs make tremendous places for leopards. Other species like Eagles, Buzzards, and hawks are observed looming over their nests.
Bodhanala Range: This area is worth sightseeing for visitors. It starts from slopy hill, bamboo forest to a huge pond close to the border of the park. It is a perfect area for raptors.
Above all, there are some other attractions to explore in Pench like Raiyakassa, Doob Road, and Kalapahad. Travelling to all these places give wonderful opportunity to come across huge herds and king of jungle.

Pench Activities
Pench National Park is popular for its wildlife and flora & fauna. There are many ways to explore the wildlife of forest. They are: Jeep Safaris, Elephant Ride, Night Safari, Bird Watching, Nature Walk, Walking Safaris. Among them jeep safari is the most important and popular activity to undertake during Pench safari tour. Our tour will be incomplete without doing any jungle safari. Let us check the Pench safari timing details:
Safari Rounds
Safari Timing
Morning Safari
06:30hrs - to - 10:30hrs
Evening Safari
14:30hrs - to - 17:30hrs

How to reach
Pench National Park is easily accessible from all the major cities.
By Air: Nagpur Airport (110 Km) is the nearest one to reach the park. Other option is Jabalpur Airport, which is 215 km away from the park. Pench to Nagpur & Pench to Jabalpur can be reached easily by using taxi service that operates frequently between them. In compare to both of them, connectivity of Nagpur airport is better than Jabalpur. Nagpur Airport is an International Airport with more flight connectivity to other destinations like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Raipur, Dubai etc. Jabalpur airport is a small airport with connectivity from Delhi only. By Rail: The nearest railway station is Nagpur (105 km), which having connectivity with most of the major tourist destinations & cities of India like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Jaipur, Agra, Bangalore, Delhi, Varanasi, Lucknow, Sawai Madhopur etc. By Road: Nagpur is 88 km away from Pench through Seoni (NH No. 7). There are state owned transport buses from Nagpur through which you can reach Khawasa Border (Madhya Pradesh-Maharashtra Border) on NH-8. From here, you are need to take some vehicle for go for Turai entrance gate where all major resorts & lodges are located. Turia entrance gate is the popular & most frequently used entrance gate for Pench Jungle Safari.

Accommodation
For accommodation in Pench National Park, Resorts and hotels are available in all entrance gates but again close to Touria entrance gate, one can have much more options for different budget category visitors. In Karmajhiri & Jhamtara entrance gate on forest department offers limited room facility for budget category visitors. But due to their location in forest area, away from disturbance visitors often opt those options. On the other hand private professionals’ resorts & lodges of all budget categories (Luxury, Standard & Budget) are available at Touria gate only. Entry ticket quota of Touria gate is also much more in comparison to other two gates. Here some of the popular resorts and safari lodges Pench Jungle Camp, Baghvan, Mahua Van, Tuli Tiger Corridor Pench, and Jungle Home etc.

Around Pench National Park
After completing Pench national park tour, tourists have many options to proceed further. Pench is surrounded by many tourists destinations in which major are of nature tourism category like Kanha national park (200kms), Tadoba national park (280kms), Pachmarhi (270kms), Satpura National Park (300kms), Nagzira Tiger Reserve (180kms), Jabalpur (210kms), Nagpur (110kms) etc.


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