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Kaziranga National Park

Introduction
Kaziranga national park images Kaziranga National Park lies in Golaghat District of Assam State located in North-East India. Forest area lies in south bank of the Brahmaputra River. Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since year 1985. The Park area consists of 429.93 Sq.Km. and is administered by the State Government of Assam Forest Department under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. It was first established as a Wildlife Reserve in 1908 and later in year 1916 it was declared as a Game Sanctuary. During that time, India was a colony of British. Later, after independence, it was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950. It is a natural habitat of world’s Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceroses. About two-third of One-Horned Rhinoceros lives in Kaziranga National Park forest. Similarly it is also known for healthy density of tigers in the protected reserve. Kaziranga National Park is listed in the World Heritage Site List in the year of 1985. Kaziranga National Park lies in Place of Golaghat District of Assam. Park is geographically spread over Eastern Himalayas.

Mammals in Kaziranga
Kaziranga is popular for Indian One-horned Rhinocerous in the world. In addition to it, high density of Tigers, Leopards, Wild Buffalo and Swamp Deers are also among important attractions of this park. Other mammal attractions are: Elephants, Bengal Fox, Sloth Bear, Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Hispid Hare, Indian Pangolins, Indian Grey Mongoose, Assamese Macaque, Golden Langur, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Black Giant Squirrel, Pallas Squirrel, Irrawaddy etc.

Bird-watching in Kaziranga
Kaziranga National Park has been identified as Important Bird Area by Birdlife International. One can find wide range of water birds, predator, scavengers, migratory birds from Central Asia & game birds in Kaziranga. Marshy and wetlands attracts birdlife here. Birding attractions of park are: Lesser Adjutant, Breater Adjutant, Green Imperial Pigeon, Yellow-footed Pigeons, Cotton Pygmy Goose, Scarlet-backed Flowerpeckers, Greylad Goose, Common Teal, Kalij Pheasants, Black-necked Strok, Asian Openbill Stork, Common Shelduck, Ruddy Shelduck, White-vented Myna, Chested-crowned Bee-eaters, Purple Heron, Swamp Francolin, Red Junglefowl, Lesser Whistling Duck, Bar-headed Goose, Eurasian Wigeon, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Great Indian Hornbill, Baya weaver, Marsh Babblers etc.

History
In year 1904, Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon, the wife of Lord Curzon who was the Viceroy of India during that time, visited the area with expectation to find Rhinoceros in wilderness. She failed in her attempt to find even a single Rhino in the forest area. She realized the ongoing danger on rhinos population in local area. She urged her husband to take immediate measures to prevent rhinos population in the region and thus in June 1, 1905, Kaziranga Reserve Forest was created having area of 232 sq. km. Park area was gradually increased by 152 sq.km. in next three years. In 1908, it become Reserve Forest. During this time conservation of One-horned Rhinoceros continues and later in 1916, it was declared as Game Sanctuary. It remained Game Sanctuary till 1938 during which hunting was allowed. After 1938, it was opened for general visitors and hunting was banned in the Reserve. In year 1950, Kaziranga Game Sanctuary was renamed as Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary by forest conservationist P.D. Stracey. After four years, in 1954 the Assam Bill was passed by Government of Assam with an intention to curb the poaching activities in Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary by imposing heavy penalties on poaching. In 1968, the state government passed an Act called “The Assam National Park Act of 1968” in which wildlife sanctuary was upgraded in to Kaziranga National Park having area of 430 sq. km. In February 11, 1974, Kaziranga got the official status of National Park by Central Government of India. During this time Kaziranga National Park registered dramatic recovery of One-horned Rhinoceros population in the forest and gained world-wide popularity. In year 1983, Kaziranga registered illegally poaching of 33 rhinos in the forest. In year 1985, Kaziranga was rewarded with status of World Heritage Site by UNESCO for having Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Wild Buffalo, Eastern Race of the Swamp Deer and its unique natural environment. In year 2005, park celebrated completion of 100 years of Kaziranga reserve in which descendants of Lord Curzon were invited. In year 2007, elephants and 2 rhinos were relocated to Manas National Park as an attempt to boost up the their population in other nearby nature reserves also.

How to reach Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is situated in Golghat District of Assam State in India. Assam State is located in North-East of India and is know worldwide for Tea production. It is also a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger and is best approachable from Guwahati city which is just 230kms/05:00hrs away. It is in eastward of Guwahati city. One can reach Kaziranga via National Highway No.37. Jorhat is another airport at a distance 90kms from Park. Regular taxi and bus services are available from Guwahati to Kaziranga national park. By rail, Jorhat station at a distance of 90kms, Furketing station at a distance of 75kms and Guwahati railway station at a distance of 220 kms are the best suitable options to access Kaziranga Tiger Reserve. Guwahati is well connected with all major cities of India like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata etc by various means of Transportation.

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